Are you new to Git and wondering what it is and why it’s so important? Git is a free, open-source version control system that tracks changes in your project’s source code. In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know to get started with Git, including why you should use it, how to install and set it up, and basic commands to initialise, add files, commit, and check status.
Why Use Git?
Git is essential for modern software development. It allows you to keep track of changes and collaborate with others on your project. By using Git, you can easily revert to previous versions of your code, track who made changes, and merge code from different developers. Git also provides a safe and efficient way to back up your code and share it with others.
How to Install Git?
To install Git, visit the official Git website and download the latest version for your operating system. Follow the installation instructions, and Git will be ready to use on your computer.
How to Set Up Git?
Once Git is installed, you need to set up your user name and email address, which will be used to identify you as the author of the changes you make. Open the terminal or command prompt and enter the following commands:
git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
How to Initialise a Git Repository?
To start using Git, you need to initialise a repository in your project’s directory. Open the terminal or command prompt, navigate to your project’s directory, and enter the following command:
How to Add Specific Files to the Staging Area?
Before you commit changes, you need to add files to the staging area, which is like a queue for files that will be committed. To add specific files, enter the following command:
git add file1.txt file2.js
file2.js with the names of the files you want to add.
How to Add All Files to the Staging Area?
To add all files in the current directory to the staging area, enter the following command:
git add .
How to Commit Changes?
Once you have added files to the staging area, you can commit them to the repository with a message that describes the changes you made. To commit changes, enter the following command:
git commit -m "Add new feature"
Replace “Add new feature” with a description of the changes you made.
How to Check the Status of Your Repository?
To check the status of your repository, enter the following command:
This command will show you which files are in the staging area, which files have been modified, and which files are not being tracked.
In this beginner’s guide to Git, we covered the basics of what Git is, why you should use it, how to install and set it up, and basic commands to initialise, add files, commit, and check status. By using Git, you can effectively track changes, collaborate with others, and keep your code organised. However, there’s much more to learn, so keep exploring the many features of Git to become a Git pro.
Now that you know the basics of Git, you can learn more about branching, merging, and other advanced features of Git. Check out the official Git documentation or online tutorials to continue your Git education. Happy coding!
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